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05 May 12:07 · Puan vermedi

...as Michels put it, 'he who says organisation says oligarchy'. Michels, a prominent elite theorist, wished to analyse the power structure of the German SPD; he argued that, despite the party's formally democratic organisation, power was concentrated in the hands of a small group or party leaders.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 231)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 231)
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05 May 10:23 · Puan vermedi

"In politics, shared hatreds are almost always the basis of friendships."

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 221 - Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 221 - Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America)
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05 May 10:06 · Puan vermedi

The political culture of western polyarchies is influenced by liberal individualism in a variety of ways. It generates, for example, o heightened sensitivity to individual rights (perhaps placed above duties), the general perception that choice and competition (in both political and economic life) are healthy, and a tendency to fear government and regard the state as, at least, a potential threat to liberty.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 273 - 274)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 273 - 274)
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05 May 09:25 · Puan vermedi

Totalitarianism differs from autocracy and authoritarianism, in that it seeks to politicize every aspect of social and personal existence, rather than just suppress political opposition. Totalitarian regimes are sometimes identified through a 'six-point syndrome' (Friedrich and Brzezinski, 1963): (1) an official ideology; (2) a one-party state, usually led by an all-powerful leader; (3) a system of terroristic policing; (4) a monopoly of the means of mass communication; (5) a monopoly of the means of armed combat; and (6) state control of all aspects of economic life.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 269)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 269)
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05 May 09:13 · Puan vermedi

Aristotle criticized popular rule on the grounds that the masses would present the wealth of the few, and too easily fall under the sway of a demagogue. He therefore advocated a 'mixed' constitution that combined elements of both democracy and aristocracy, and left the government in the hands of the 'middle classes', those who were neither rich nor poor.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 268)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 268)
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05 May 09:00 · Puan vermedi

As Alexis de Tocqueville put it, 'without comparisons to make, the mind does not know how to proceed'.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 266)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 266)
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05 May 08:43 · Puan vermedi

"That government is best which governs not at all."

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 265 - Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 265 - Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience)
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08 Nis 19:44 · Puan vermedi

...having a strong government, in the sense of a government that is able to push through policies, is by no means an unqualified virtue, tending as it does to restrict scrutiny and parliamentary accountability. Instead, they (supporters of proportional system) suggest that 'strong' government should be understood in terms of popular support, and the willingness of citizens to obey and respect the government.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 211 - 212)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 211 - 212)
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06 Nis 17:34

"İktidar yozlaşmaya meyillidir; mutlak iktidar ise mutlaka yozlaşır."

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 26 - Liberte Yayınları / Lord Acton)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 26 - Liberte Yayınları / Lord Acton)
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01 Mar 15:46 · Puan vermedi

Quite simply, the majority is not always right; wisdom cannot be determined by the simple device of a show of hands.

Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 98)Siyaset, Andrew Heywood (Sayfa 98)