Galen and the Arabic Reception of Plato's Timaeus

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Adı:
Galen and the Arabic Reception of Plato's Timaeus
Baskı tarihi:
15 Ekim 2020
Sayfa sayısı:
320
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9781108499484
Dil:
English
Yayınevi:
Cambridge University Press
This first full-length study of the Arabic reception of Plato's Timaeus considers the role of Galen of Pergamum (129–c. 216 CE) in shaping medieval perceptions of the text as transgressing disciplinary norms. It argues that Galen appealed to the entangled cosmological scheme of the dialogue, where different relations connect the body, soul, and cosmos, to expand the boundaries of medicine in his pursuit for epistemic authority – the right to define and explain natural reality. Aileen Das situates Galen's work on disciplinary boundaries in the context of medicine's ancient rivalry with philosophy, whose professionals were long seen as superior knowers of the cosmos vis-à-vis doctors. Her case studies show how Galen and four of the most important Christian, Muslim, and Jewish thinkers in the Arabic Middle Ages creatively interpreted key doctrines from the Timaeus to reimagine medicine and philosophy as well as their own intellectual identities.
Kitaba henüz inceleme eklenmedi.
Hippocrates’ emphasis on acquiring accurate knowledge of the body before venturing into medicine directs doctors to preface their training with physics; and his prioritization of public benefit over personal gain signals that ethics should underpin a medical education.
Pointing to the productive nature of technē, Aristotle assigns it an inferior ontological and epistemological value vis-à-vis epistēmē because it deals with things that change (not always systematically); thus, the instability of their subject compels practitioners to depend at times on conjecture.
Aileen R. Das
Sayfa 7 - aristotle için techne ve episteme arasındaki fark
Galen’s invocation of Plato’s Timaeus should be viewed as a continuation of this strategy to increase the social and intellectual profile of medicine through a connection with philosophy.
Aileen R. Das
Sayfa 9 - felsefenin o dönemdeki otoritesine bak insanlar unvanlarını korumak için çalışma alanlarını felsefe ile bağdaştırmak zorunda kalıyorlar.
His aim is to prove that medicine can offer an equally valid –
and sometimes superior – method for accessing truths about the cosmos.
The point of my analysis of the four Islamicate thinkers treated in the latter half of this book – Hunayn ibn Ishāq (d. 260/873 or 264/877), Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. c. 313/925), Avicenna (d. 428/1037), and Maimonides (d. 600/1204) – is to demonstrate that they continually refigure, rather than adopt.
Aileen R. Das
Sayfa 5 - yazarın takip ettiği, çalıştığı isimler

Kitabın basım bilgileri

Adı:
Galen and the Arabic Reception of Plato's Timaeus
Baskı tarihi:
15 Ekim 2020
Sayfa sayısı:
320
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9781108499484
Dil:
English
Yayınevi:
Cambridge University Press
This first full-length study of the Arabic reception of Plato's Timaeus considers the role of Galen of Pergamum (129–c. 216 CE) in shaping medieval perceptions of the text as transgressing disciplinary norms. It argues that Galen appealed to the entangled cosmological scheme of the dialogue, where different relations connect the body, soul, and cosmos, to expand the boundaries of medicine in his pursuit for epistemic authority – the right to define and explain natural reality. Aileen Das situates Galen's work on disciplinary boundaries in the context of medicine's ancient rivalry with philosophy, whose professionals were long seen as superior knowers of the cosmos vis-à-vis doctors. Her case studies show how Galen and four of the most important Christian, Muslim, and Jewish thinkers in the Arabic Middle Ages creatively interpreted key doctrines from the Timaeus to reimagine medicine and philosophy as well as their own intellectual identities.

Kitap istatistikleri