The German Genius (Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Wa)

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Adı:
The German Genius
Alt başlık:
Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Wa
Baskı tarihi:
22 Haziran 2010
Sayfa sayısı:
992
Format:
E-kitap
ISBN:
9780062018465
Orijinal adı:
The German Genius: Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Wa
Dil:
English
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
HarperCollins e-books
The German Genius is a virtuoso cultural history of German ideas and influence, from 1750 to the present day, by acclaimed historian Peter Watson (Making of the Modern Mind, Ideas). From Bach, Goethe, and Schopenhauer to Nietzsche, Freud, and Einstein, from the arts and humanities to science and philosophy, The German Genius is a lively and accessible review of over 250 years of German intellectual history. In the process, it explains the devastating effects of World War II, which transformed a vibrant and brilliantly artistic culture into a vehicle of warfare and destruction, and it shows how the German culture advanced in the war’s aftermath.
Kitaba henüz inceleme eklenmedi.
There is some evidence that the German government is right to be concerned. A survey in July 2004 found that whereas 97 percent of Germans have a basic knowledge of the English language, and 25 percent are fluent, only 22 percent of British students have any knowledge of the German language and just 1 percent are fluent. Whereas 52 percent of young Germans had been to Britain, only 37 percent of young Britons had been to Germany.
I talk to a lot of British people and one answer that comes up repeatedly is that every country needs to go through an identity-building process.
The general impression is that Germans are all Nazis who steal sun loungers. This is all a cartoon-style view. The problem is that if you ask them seriously they have no view of Germany at all.
In 1986, in opinion poll figures, 26 percent of people had seen Germany as Britain’s best friend in Europe, but by 1992 that had fallen to 12 percent. When Britons were asked, in 1977, if “Nazism or something like that” could again become powerful in Germany, 23 percent said yes, 61 percent said no. By 1992 the pattern had reversed, with 53 percent voting yes and 31 percent no.
Novick again: “As part of this process, there emerged in American culture a distinct thing called ‘the Holocaust’—an event in its own right, not simply a subdivision of general Nazi barbarism.” It was now that the word “Holocaust” entered the language as a description of all manner of horrors.
It was a division that first revealed itself in the 1980s in a phenomenon known as the Historikerstreit, the “historians’ dispute,” an acrimonious debate that was carried on among distinguished historians, such as Helmut Diwald, Ernst Nolte (a student of Heidegger), and Andreas Hillgruber, who had each produced solid, “regular” histories before. When it broke open, it comprised the following arguments:




• It was argued that Fascism was not a totalitarian system in the mold of Stalinism, but a response to it;


• Auschwitz was not a unique event but a copy of the Gulag; other, earlier, genocides had taken place in the twentieth century;


• More Aryans than Jews were killed in the death camps;


• Poles and Romanians were just as anti-Semitic as Germans;


• The worst excesses of the war—the invasion of Russia and the extermination of the Jews—came about because one man, Hitler, intended them to happen.
Forty percent of the personnel and most of the commandants of the death camps at Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka were Austrian, as were 80 percent of Eichmann’s staff—and Eichmann himself.

Kitabın basım bilgileri

Adı:
The German Genius
Alt başlık:
Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Wa
Baskı tarihi:
22 Haziran 2010
Sayfa sayısı:
992
Format:
E-kitap
ISBN:
9780062018465
Orijinal adı:
The German Genius: Europe's Third Renaissance, the Second Scientific Revolution, and the Twentieth Century by Peter Wa
Dil:
English
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
HarperCollins e-books
The German Genius is a virtuoso cultural history of German ideas and influence, from 1750 to the present day, by acclaimed historian Peter Watson (Making of the Modern Mind, Ideas). From Bach, Goethe, and Schopenhauer to Nietzsche, Freud, and Einstein, from the arts and humanities to science and philosophy, The German Genius is a lively and accessible review of over 250 years of German intellectual history. In the process, it explains the devastating effects of World War II, which transformed a vibrant and brilliantly artistic culture into a vehicle of warfare and destruction, and it shows how the German culture advanced in the war’s aftermath.

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