The Ottoman Empire (Sultan, Society and Economy)

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Adı:
The Ottoman Empire
Alt başlık:
Sultan, Society and Economy
Baskı tarihi:
Ocak 2018
Sayfa sayısı:
512
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9689752430327
Kitabın türü:
Dil:
İngilizce
Ülke:
Türkiye
Yayınevi:
Kronik Kitap
The Ottomans, in order to carry on a world-wide struggle for conquest in both the East and the West, were obliged to maintain all their resources in a state of permanent readiness and at the disposal of a single will.”


- Halil İnalcık

This book collects together İnalcık’s pioneering works dealing with early Ottoman history, focusing on the role of sultan, society and economy and drawing on Ottoman archival materials.


The book first explores historiographical issues by examining prevailing views on the periodization of Ottoman history as well as the life and work of ‘Ashi? Pashazade. On the subject of sultans and their policies, it scrutinizes Osman’s appearance as a charismatic leader in the Bithynia frontier region after the battle of Bapheus (Koyun-Hisar), as well as the decision-making process in Ottoman government. The book also examines the Islamization of Ottoman state laws under Suleyman the Lawgiver and the position of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch under the Ottomans.


The Ottoman Empire significantly traces the Islamization of the Turks in general, and the history of Islam in Asia Minor in particular; the rebuilding of the conquered city of Constantinople; the transformation of a Genoese city, Galata, into an Ottoman one; the important roles the Greek subjects of the Sultan played in the economy and finances of the empire; and how and exactly when the Ottomans established complete control of the Straits and traffic in the Black Sea.
Kitaba henüz inceleme eklenmedi.
No other state possesses the military power of the Ottomans; the Ottomans have powerful artillery and a great maritime power; the aims of the Ottoman Sultan are 'tedbîr-i 'imâret-i rûy-i zemîn' to make the face of the world to flourish, to destroy the foes of the true Faith, and to uphold the Holy Law.
In the prologue of the eleborate history which he wrote at the command Bayezid II, Kemal Pashazade compares the Ottoman history with earlier Muslim dynasties and sums under three heads, vücûh-i rüchân, 'the reason of their superiority'. First, he says, the Ottomans unlike other Muslim dynasties, came the power not through the violent overthrow of older Muslim states within the Islamic community, but through the conquest of territories pertaining to the infidel world, the Dâr ul-Harb.
In Mustafa Nuri Pasha's view, during the third stage (that is, broadly speaking, the 16th century), the love of luxury increased, moral qualities were lost, and the first signs of decline appeared. But if the real decline set is after the repulse before Vienna in 1683, the stage from 1595 to 1683 must be counted as belonging to the period of maturity.
With the fall of Belgrade in 1521 and Rhodes in 1522 a new stage in East-West relations begins. In this period, an important change takes place in the Ottoman attitude to the Jihad, or rather in the structure of the state. The Ottoman state was no longer a border-states of ghazis on the bounds of the Islamic world: It now embraced the most important countries of the Muslim world and had in fact become the Caliphate itself.
The Ottoman allience with France is well known. Feridün's collection of state papers contains a letter of Suleyman to the Lutheran princes of Germany, written in 1552, where in bound himself by oath never to attack them as long as they made common cause with his ally, France.
Timur was emerging from the East with the ambition of reviving the old Mongol Empire in an Islamic garb. Timur laid claim to sovereignty over Anatolia and demanded of Bayezid that he should be recognized as overlord. He defeated Bayezid near Ankara in 1402, and revived the Anatolian principalities as vassal states, thereby making the Ottoman realm a vassal state like the other principalities. At this point I should like to emphasize that Mehmed l (1413-1421) and Murad ll (1421-1451) throughout their reigns, that is to say, for a period of about half a century, recognized the Timurids as their overlords.
We must point out here that the Western and Eastern enemies of the Ottomans tried to establish contacts with one another. In pursuance of their designs upon the Ottomans, Timur sent letters to the French court, Uzun Hassan made an alliance with Venice, and the Safavids sent embassies to the Hapsburg of Germany and Spain. The Ottomans took great care to follow a policy of alternate war and peace in order to avoid having to fight simultaneous wars on two fronts. But during the long war against the Hapsburgs in the years of 1593-1606, Shah Abbas attack in Azerbaijan forced the Ottomans to fight on two fronts at the same time with disastrous consequences.

Kitabın basım bilgileri

Adı:
The Ottoman Empire
Alt başlık:
Sultan, Society and Economy
Baskı tarihi:
Ocak 2018
Sayfa sayısı:
512
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9689752430327
Kitabın türü:
Dil:
İngilizce
Ülke:
Türkiye
Yayınevi:
Kronik Kitap
The Ottomans, in order to carry on a world-wide struggle for conquest in both the East and the West, were obliged to maintain all their resources in a state of permanent readiness and at the disposal of a single will.”


- Halil İnalcık

This book collects together İnalcık’s pioneering works dealing with early Ottoman history, focusing on the role of sultan, society and economy and drawing on Ottoman archival materials.


The book first explores historiographical issues by examining prevailing views on the periodization of Ottoman history as well as the life and work of ‘Ashi? Pashazade. On the subject of sultans and their policies, it scrutinizes Osman’s appearance as a charismatic leader in the Bithynia frontier region after the battle of Bapheus (Koyun-Hisar), as well as the decision-making process in Ottoman government. The book also examines the Islamization of Ottoman state laws under Suleyman the Lawgiver and the position of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch under the Ottomans.


The Ottoman Empire significantly traces the Islamization of the Turks in general, and the history of Islam in Asia Minor in particular; the rebuilding of the conquered city of Constantinople; the transformation of a Genoese city, Galata, into an Ottoman one; the important roles the Greek subjects of the Sultan played in the economy and finances of the empire; and how and exactly when the Ottomans established complete control of the Straits and traffic in the Black Sea.

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