The Young Turks in Opposition

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Adı:
The Young Turks in Opposition
Baskı tarihi:
Mart 1995
Sayfa sayısı:
408
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9780195091151
Dil:
English
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
Oxford University Press
In 1908, the revolution of the Young Turks deposed the dictatorship of Sultan Abdulhamid II and established a constitutional regime that became the major ruling power in the Ottoman empire. But the seeds of this revolution went back much farther: to 1889, when the secret Young Turk organization the Committee of Union and Progress was formed. M. Sukru Hanioglu's landmark work is the story of the power struggles within the CUP and its impact on twentieth-century Turkish politics and culture. At once an in-depth history of an ideological movement and a study of the diplomatic relationships between the Ottoman Empire and the so-called great powers of Europe at the turn of the century, it analyzes the influence of European political thought on the CUP conspirators, and traces their influence on generations of Turkish intellectual and political life.
Kitaba henüz inceleme eklenmedi.
Le Bon's ideas were regularly cited. (...) Le Bon was considered the greatest living sociologist. (...) Le Bon's simple language and plausible generalizations, in addition to the perceived scientific nature of his work, satisfied the Young Turks.
The CUP's shift to nationalism and securement of the military's endorsement was realized in 1906, and the military's new role was ably describes by Ahmed Rıza. The injection a strong nationalism into the Young Turk Weltanschauung also gave this military-intellectual alliance a revolutionary praxis that it had lacked for nearly two decades. However, we can say that except for the injection of nationalism, all aspects of this Weltanschauung were shaped between 1889 and 1902.
The Young Turks as modernists thought that the only way of infusing modernization and westernization into their Empire was to present them to Muslim masses as Islamic concepts. (...) From this viewpoint Islam was nothing other than a device.
The Young Turks refrained from formulating a nationalist theory involving race during the formative years of their movement. Although in their scientific writings they frequently discussed the importance of race, they proposed no theory evaluating "the Turkish race." There is little doubt that this was because, in the Darwinist racial hierarchy, Turks were always assigned to the lowest ranks. Darwin himself had a low opinion of "the Turkish race." This, coupled with the participation of many non-Turk members in the nascent movement, prevented the Young Turks from focusing on the race issue.
While Turkish members gravitated toward Turkish nationalism, which became the guiding ideology of the CUP, especially after 1906, the non-Turkish members leaned toward their own respective nationalist movements. İbrahim Temo and İsmail Kemal later participated in the Albenian nationalist movement, and Abdullah Cevdet became a leader in the Kurdish one.

Kitabın basım bilgileri

Adı:
The Young Turks in Opposition
Baskı tarihi:
Mart 1995
Sayfa sayısı:
408
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9780195091151
Dil:
English
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
Oxford University Press
In 1908, the revolution of the Young Turks deposed the dictatorship of Sultan Abdulhamid II and established a constitutional regime that became the major ruling power in the Ottoman empire. But the seeds of this revolution went back much farther: to 1889, when the secret Young Turk organization the Committee of Union and Progress was formed. M. Sukru Hanioglu's landmark work is the story of the power struggles within the CUP and its impact on twentieth-century Turkish politics and culture. At once an in-depth history of an ideological movement and a study of the diplomatic relationships between the Ottoman Empire and the so-called great powers of Europe at the turn of the century, it analyzes the influence of European political thought on the CUP conspirators, and traces their influence on generations of Turkish intellectual and political life.

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