• Chapter 2 – Human Psychology
    You don’t have to be a psychology expert to have a basic understanding of how the human brain works. Once you get to know how our brains operate, you can begin to analyze people much more easily. You’ll start to realize that those around might act a certain way because of the way they were raised and the things that they were taught. Once you have a basic understanding of human psychology, you’ll start to put together the pieces of what makes the people around you the unique individuals they are. You’ll realize a lot more makes sense about why a person does the things they do if you can look into their psychology.
    Even those incredibly skilled in human psychology make mistakes every now and then. There is still so little known about the human brain that of course, not everyone is going to be right all the time. The brain is the most complex organ in the body of any animal, not just humans. It can be hard to understand it and figure out what secrets lie inside that make a person tick. You can still attempt to get to know the inner workings of a person’s brain, and even though you won’t have all the answers, you’ll start to understand them a little better.
    There is little known about the human brain, and what is known has been discovered by the brain itself! Isn’t it strange to think that everything we know about the brain was taught to us by our own brains? This complex organ will never fully make sense to anyone, but that’s part of the fun of trying to discover someone.
    It’s important to not use someone’s own psyche against them. The intention should never be to persuade people to do something in which only you gain. Some people have more sensitive brains that are more susceptible to influence. While some people choose to remain ignorant, others legitimately don’t have what it takes to grasp that they might be getting taken advantage of. You should never knowingly take advantage of another person that can’t understand what’s going on. 
    Some people require tactful approach, mostly because they aren’t ready to confront their own issues. Not everyone has even a basic understanding of their brain or why it does and thinks the things it does. Some people are afraid of their own minds, so they aren’t as willing to confront themselves and their emotions as other people might be. It’s important to remain patient with those that might not be as self-aware as you.
  • 45 syf.
    ·6 günde·10/10
    The story revolves around the idea that the sun is going to explode and that Earth needs to leave the orbit in order to survive. It sounds a bit complicated and weird, so let me explain.

    The sun is apparently evolving into a red sun but in the process of that evolution, there will be a helium flash that would destroy other planets. Humanity notices the situation of the Sun and decides that it is best to leave the orbit and find a new one. They build huge engines called the Earth Engines that will launch them towards a new system called Proxima Centauri. I'll leave a quotation so you can understand the whole plan of humanity.

    "Humanity's exodus would proceed in five steps: First, the Earth Engines' jets would be used to counteract the Earth's movement, stopping its rotation. Second, the engines' entire power would be used to set the Earth on a new path, accelerating the Earth into escape velocity, taking it away from the Sun. Third, in outer space, the Earth would continue to accelerate as it traveled to Proxima Centauri. Fourth, in transit, the Earth Engines would be re-aligned, the Earth's rotation would be restarted and the deceleration process initiated. And then fifth, the Earth would be moored in an orbit around Proxima Centauri, becoming its planet. People also called these five steps the “Reining Age”, the “Exodial Age”, the “First Wandering Age” (during acceleration), the “Second Wandering Age” (during deceleration), and the “New Sun Age”. The entire exodus would last 2,500 years, about 100 generations."

    Our protagonist is born in the Reigning Age and describes his and also the Earth's journey towards a new life. In the end, we see an older and much wiser man who has seen things. I really liked the story. I wish it was longer than 45 pages because I was just getting ready. Yet, the ending is very good that you do not want to learn what happens next. You can only guess what happens to our protagonist and more importantly, the Earth. As a guy who LOVES Three Body Problem trilogy, this short story/novella was definitely a treat.
  • If we explore Turkish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Turkish culture relative to other world cultures.

    Power Distance: This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal – it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.

    Turkey scores high on this dimension (score of 66) which means that the following characterises the Turkish style: Dependent, hierarchical, superiors often inaccessible and the ideal boss is a father figure. Power is centralized and managers rely on their bosses and on rules. Employees expect to be told what to do. Control is expected and attitude towards managers is formal. Communication is indirect and the information flow is selective. The same structure can be observed in the family unit, where the father is a kind of patriarch to whom others submit.

    Individualism: The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. It has to do with whether people´s self-image is defined in terms of “I” or “We”. In Individualist societies people are supposed to look after themselves and their direct family only. In Collectivist societies people belong to ‘in groups’ that take care of them in exchange for loyalty.

    Turkey, with a score of 37 is a collectivistic society. This means that the “We” is important, people belong to in-groups (families, clans or organisations) who look after each other in exchange for loyalty. Communication is indirect and the harmony of the group has to be maintained, open conflicts are avoided. The relationship has a moral base and this always has priority over task fulfillment. Time must be invested initially to establish a relationship of trust. Nepotism may be found more often. Feedback is always indirect, also in the business environment.

    Masculinity: A high score (Masculine) on this dimension indicates that the society will be driven by competition, achievement and success, with success being defined by the winner/best in field – a value system that starts in school and continues throughout organisational life.

    A low score (Feminine) on the dimension means that the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. A Feminine society is one where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable. The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best (Masculine) or liking what you do (Feminine).

    Turkey scores 45 and is on the Feminine side of the scale. This means that the softer aspects of culture such as leveling with others, consensus, sympathy for the underdog are valued and encouraged. Conflicts are avoided in private and work life and consensus at the end is important. Leisure time is important for Turks, it is the time when the whole family, clan and friends come together to enjoy life. Status is shown, but this comes more out of the high PDI.

    Uncertainty Avoidance: The dimension Uncertainty Avoidance has to do with the way that a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control the future or just let it happen? This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these is reflected in the score on Uncertainty Avoidance.

    Turkey scores 85 on this dimension and thus there is a huge need for laws and rules. In order to minimize anxiety, people make use of a lot of rituals. For foreigners they might seem religious, with the many references to “Allah”, but often they are just traditional social patterns, used in specific situations to ease tension.

    Long Term Orientation: This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future, and societies prioritise these two existential goals differently. Normative societies. which score low on this dimension, for example, prefer to maintain time-honoured traditions and norms while viewing societal change with suspicion. Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: they encourage thrift and efforts in modern education as a way to prepare for the future.

    Turkey’s intermediate score of 46 is in the middle of the scale so no dominant cultural prefernce can be inferred.

    Indulgence: One challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small children are socialized. Without socialization we do not become “human”. This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses, based on the way they were raised. Relatively weak control is called “Indulgence” and relatively strong control is called “Restraint”. Cultures can, therefore, be described as Indulgent or Restrained.

    With an intermediate score of 49, a characteristic corresponding to this dimension cannot be determined for Turkey.
  • 608 syf.
    ·1 günde·9/10
    4.5/5 Stars.

    Like every beautiful thing in life, this series also has an end. Even though I really enjoyed this book compared to other Sci-Fi novels, this is my least favourite in the Trilogy. There are many, I mean MANY creative and impressive ideas and theories in the book. However, I feel like they are somehow rushed and not completed in a sense. Also, compared to Ye Wenjie and especially Luo Ji, Cheng Zi (our protagonist in this book) is not very appealing character. Don't get me wrong, I really enjoyed this book I am only comparing them to the previous ones.

    Previously on Remembrance of Earth's Past...Luo Ji managed to fool Trisolarians and he now holds the switch to fate of both civilisations. In Deterrence Era, humanity advances its technology while monitoring Trisolarians constantly. Even though they have the switch, losing it would mean Earth's doom. Like my other reviews of the Trilogy, I will give you an extensive summary of the novel. You can read this before to understand the novel better if you don't care about what happens and want to learn every bit of detail yourself while having some general knowledge. You can also come back and read this review to understand the plot better. Without further ado, let's get started shall we?

    Even though humanity has the upper hand now, they continue to monitor Trisolarians. In the committee, Cheng Zhi suggests the Stair Project. She believes that they can send a human to Trisolarian fleet to destroy it from within. Because of the capacity of the rocket, it can only carry a human brain. Cheng recommends Yun, her former classmate. Yun, at the time, had cancer and about to die accepts it as he also had a crush on Cheng. Before the operation, Yun gives Cheng a literal star as a gift. Luo Ji becomes the Swordholder as he holds the fate of both Earth and Trisolaris. People started to view Luo Ji as a dictator instead of a God. The UN decides to change the Swordholder and after some drama Cheng becomes the new Swordholder. Minutes after Cheng got the switch, Trisolaris Droplet launches an attack. Cheng cannot decide if she should hit the button or not. She panics and throws the button away. (Good job Cheng you just doomed humanity) Trisolaris ships destroy the button and eliminating every kind of hope humanity have. Trisolaris in now coming to take over this world and they relocate all humans to Australia. (We really don't know why Australia) When humanity was about to become slaves, one human spaceship, Gravity, reveals itself. The ship is equipped with a strong radio that can act as the button. It broadcasts the exact location of Trisolarians to the Universe as a revenge. Humanity monitor Trisolarian Planet getting destroyed by a higher civilisation. Just like smashing a bug Trisolarian planet was destroyed in a matter of seconds. (That's what you get for calling humanity bugs) Only few starships manage to escape the attack but since they communicated with Earth, humanity is still in danger. Trisolarian Sophon robot tells Cheng that Yun did not die and wants to see her. Yun was captured by their fleet and managed to delve deep into their society. Cheng and Yun's conversation is monitored by Trisolarians so one wrong word means Cheng's death and Earth's end. After chatting for a while, Yun tells Cheng 3 fairy tales. Those 3 fairy tales are indeed humanity's salvation. Humans decrypts the meaning of each story and try to devise a plan.

    1- The Bunker Project
    By building settlements at the back of Saturn and Jupiter humanity could survive the attack.

    2- The Lightspeed Ship Project
    By studying atomic propeller technology, humanity could try to build lightspeed ships in order to escape our solar system.

    3- The Dark Void Project
    By lowering the solar system's light speed, light would not exposed from our solar system. Solar System becomes something like a black hole so it shows no threat to other civilisations.

    After a long discussion, humanity decide to execute all 3 of them. Cheng helps with building Lightspeed ships. Cheng becomes the company's head on one condition: if research threatens human lives she has to stop and confiscate company's power. Cheng goes into hibernation for 30+ years and finds that humans built many space settlements already. Even if the Sun is destroyed many people would survive. Also, there is huge improvement in Lightspeed ships. However, when lightspeed ships fly, it would create a space distortion leaving a trail behind. People believe that it will accelerate the exposition of Earth's coordinates. Also, it cannot carry large amount of people so the government bans the research on lightspeed ships. Victor, company leader, is arrested and executed leaving everything to Cheng. Soon, another God level civilisation Singer was passing through solar system and intended to use the Dimension Foil. This strike can turn a 3D system into a 2D, it's basically smashing a bug and turning it into flat. I want to add that the chapter named Bunker Era, Year 67 Orion Arm of the Milky Way is where we learn about Singer and it is probably the most impressive chapter of all. However, before Singer could act someone else used a Dark Forest Strike. "In the cosmos, no matter how fast you are, someone will be faster; no matter how slow you are, someone will be slower." Before the strike Cheng gets on a lightspeed ship that was hidden and escapes the solar system. Cheng and Ai AA escape to the star Yun gave her. There, they find Guan Yifan, a crew member of Gravity. Guan Yifan and Cheng leave to explore a nearby alien signal and AA tells that Yuan came to the planet. Before they could return, their ship is break down and they had to wait 16 days in hibernation. Because of the time dilation, 18 million years have already passed and both AA and Yun are already dead. They find a message from them carved into a bedrock, instructing them to enter a pocket universe. They want to wait for the destruction of the universe inside. However, a message by an unknown civilisation reveals that large amount of pocket universed have reduced the mass of the universe too much. If the mass is not returned to normal, there will be a big rip, no destruction and there will be no life in the kosmos. To save the main Universe from this fate, Cheng Xin and Guan Yifan return all the mass in the pocket universe to the main universe, and leave the pocket universe in a spaceship to explore. They leave behind only a small self-contained habitat for some small fish, and a computer drive with the contained knowledge of Trisolaris and humanity, to serve as a "message in a bottle" to future explorers after the Universe has finally been reborn. (hide spoiler)]

    “If we lose our human nature, we lose much, but if we lose our bestial nature, we lose everything.”

    The End...
    Thanks for joining me in this ride.
  • 256 syf.
    ·34 günde·Beğendi·7/10
    What unfolds in these pages is the tragedy of an atheist who loves a believer, a son who cannot love his parents , a young man with no clear way forward. Into this story , Böll will weave a deeply satirical portrait of postwar Germany , painting it as a nation populated by ex-Nazis who have struck it rich through false contribution , a hapless Catholic Church beholden to a morality dearly out of step with the times , and. those lost youths like Hans who by their choice or not have remained beyond the reach of Germany's postwar prosperity.

    Böll wrote this book in the early 1960s in full awareness of Germany's desperate struggle to sort out its postwar identity

    To cut this long story short , The clown is a. book you can love or dislike according to your expectations and your perspective .To me,It is was a book I didn't like much bcuz the protagonist was stuck with a woman and made his like to be kind of abyss.We always say there is a way to stand on your feet and look beyond the clouds to motivate yourself but this character made me get nuts and freak out :)The only nice thing is that he goes beyond his own dream rather than the career prepared and dictated by his own parents ...

    Kitap inançsız aynı zamanda anne babasını hiç sevmeyen bir genç olan Hans'in inançlı bir kız olan Marieye aşık olması bir kaç yıl birlikte yaşaması ve sonrasında ise Marienin Katolik birine kacmasi ve onunla evlenmesi sonucu Hans'in yaşadığı trajediyi ve travmayı anlatmaktadır. Hans Marienin gidişinden öyle bir etkilenmiştir ki kitabından ilk sayfasından son sayfasına kadar Hansin yaşadığı trajedi ve saplantısı dile getirilmektedir . tabi bu saplantı asil bir aileden gelen ama palyaço olmak adına ailesine yüz çeviren Hans'in is hayatına da etki etmiş ve kişiyi sefalet içinde yaşamaya itmiştir. Zaman zaman hansin çevresinden sürekli para istemeye de itmiştir. İkinci dünya savaşı sonrasını anlatması hasebiyle o dönemin bir portresi de sayılmaktadır .
  • "Please see the fact, the fact that the mind is insufficient, and live with it all day, see what happens, observe it, go into it. Let it have its way, see what happens. And when you can so live with it, there will be no insufficiency because the mind is freed from comparison."

    Jiddu Krishnamurti
  • “One day you will wake up and there won't be any more time to do the things you've always wanted. Do it now.”

    Paulo Coelho