Jan Luiten van Zanden

Jan Luiten van Zanden

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Adı:
Jan Luiten van Zanden
Unvan:
Tarihçi
Doğum:
IJmuiden, Hollanda, 15 Kasım 1955
Jan Luiten van Zanden Hollandalı bir ekonomik tarihçidir. 01-09-2008 tarihlerinde atanan Küresel Ekonomik Tarih sandalyesinde Utrecht Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyesi olarak görev yapmıştır.
''This strong emphasis on the written word in itself severely limited the power of the sovereign, because 'real', unrestricted power is the power to do whatever the ruler wishes, unrestrained by any code.''
''Communes were 'personal, sworn associations' of the inhabitants of a town, who through their oath became veritable 'citizens', willing to defend and strengthen the rights of the town.''
''In particular, the very low interest rates suggest that property rights were well respected, and that a relatively high level of trust was common in Western Europe, which was especially important for the development of labour and capital markets.''
''In the light of the Great Divergence debate we can specify this question to one about the relative efficiency of the set of institutions governing economic life in Europe and Asia. The question is therefore: can we assess the relative efficiency of the institutions of Western Europe with respect to those in other parts of the world (China and Japan, specifically); and, if Western Europe appears to have comparatively high-quality institutions, when did the arise - and why?''
''Islam also developed commercial partnerships (such as the commenda), which were precursors to the commercial corporate bodies of the late medieval period.''
''Around 1000 Western Europe was an economically underdeveloped and marginal part of the Eurasian continent. It was undeniably backward when compared to the flourishing societies of Sung China and the Arab world, which both experienced a period of brilliant expansion in these years.''
''How harmful to economic development was the process of political fragmentation in the centuries from 900 to 1300? One of the ways to understand the links between these processes is to look at the various regions of Western Europe, which to some extent had their own economic and socio-political trajectories. Fragmentation was the overall trend in European political and institutional history in these centuries, but not all regions experienced this process to the same extent.''
''A different approach to the same issue - measuring the efficiency of market institutions - is to look at how markets for agricultural products such as wheat or rice actually performed. When transaction costs are low, one would expect high levels of market integration, and, as a result of the fact that local demand and supply shocks can be cushioned by trade between markets, a low volatility of prices.''
''The core issue was the right to appoint (invest) bishops and other religious dignitaries, a right previously held by (or shared with) secular authorities. By claiming this exclusive right for the Church, Pope Gregory VII declared the Church to be free from secular control and the sole religious authority, whereas previously kings had shared this authority as intermediaries between believers and God.''
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Yazarın biyografisi

Adı:
Jan Luiten van Zanden
Unvan:
Tarihçi
Doğum:
IJmuiden, Hollanda, 15 Kasım 1955
Jan Luiten van Zanden Hollandalı bir ekonomik tarihçidir. 01-09-2008 tarihlerinde atanan Küresel Ekonomik Tarih sandalyesinde Utrecht Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyesi olarak görev yapmıştır.

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