• 608 syf.
    ·1 günde·9/10
    4.5/5 Stars.

    Like every beautiful thing in life, this series also has an end. Even though I really enjoyed this book compared to other Sci-Fi novels, this is my least favourite in the Trilogy. There are many, I mean MANY creative and impressive ideas and theories in the book. However, I feel like they are somehow rushed and not completed in a sense. Also, compared to Ye Wenjie and especially Luo Ji, Cheng Zi (our protagonist in this book) is not very appealing character. Don't get me wrong, I really enjoyed this book I am only comparing them to the previous ones.

    Previously on Remembrance of Earth's Past...Luo Ji managed to fool Trisolarians and he now holds the switch to fate of both civilisations. In Deterrence Era, humanity advances its technology while monitoring Trisolarians constantly. Even though they have the switch, losing it would mean Earth's doom. Like my other reviews of the Trilogy, I will give you an extensive summary of the novel. You can read this before to understand the novel better if you don't care about what happens and want to learn every bit of detail yourself while having some general knowledge. You can also come back and read this review to understand the plot better. Without further ado, let's get started shall we?

    Even though humanity has the upper hand now, they continue to monitor Trisolarians. In the committee, Cheng Zhi suggests the Stair Project. She believes that they can send a human to Trisolarian fleet to destroy it from within. Because of the capacity of the rocket, it can only carry a human brain. Cheng recommends Yun, her former classmate. Yun, at the time, had cancer and about to die accepts it as he also had a crush on Cheng. Before the operation, Yun gives Cheng a literal star as a gift. Luo Ji becomes the Swordholder as he holds the fate of both Earth and Trisolaris. People started to view Luo Ji as a dictator instead of a God. The UN decides to change the Swordholder and after some drama Cheng becomes the new Swordholder. Minutes after Cheng got the switch, Trisolaris Droplet launches an attack. Cheng cannot decide if she should hit the button or not. She panics and throws the button away. (Good job Cheng you just doomed humanity) Trisolaris ships destroy the button and eliminating every kind of hope humanity have. Trisolaris in now coming to take over this world and they relocate all humans to Australia. (We really don't know why Australia) When humanity was about to become slaves, one human spaceship, Gravity, reveals itself. The ship is equipped with a strong radio that can act as the button. It broadcasts the exact location of Trisolarians to the Universe as a revenge. Humanity monitor Trisolarian Planet getting destroyed by a higher civilisation. Just like smashing a bug Trisolarian planet was destroyed in a matter of seconds. (That's what you get for calling humanity bugs) Only few starships manage to escape the attack but since they communicated with Earth, humanity is still in danger. Trisolarian Sophon robot tells Cheng that Yun did not die and wants to see her. Yun was captured by their fleet and managed to delve deep into their society. Cheng and Yun's conversation is monitored by Trisolarians so one wrong word means Cheng's death and Earth's end. After chatting for a while, Yun tells Cheng 3 fairy tales. Those 3 fairy tales are indeed humanity's salvation. Humans decrypts the meaning of each story and try to devise a plan.

    1- The Bunker Project
    By building settlements at the back of Saturn and Jupiter humanity could survive the attack.

    2- The Lightspeed Ship Project
    By studying atomic propeller technology, humanity could try to build lightspeed ships in order to escape our solar system.

    3- The Dark Void Project
    By lowering the solar system's light speed, light would not exposed from our solar system. Solar System becomes something like a black hole so it shows no threat to other civilisations.

    After a long discussion, humanity decide to execute all 3 of them. Cheng helps with building Lightspeed ships. Cheng becomes the company's head on one condition: if research threatens human lives she has to stop and confiscate company's power. Cheng goes into hibernation for 30+ years and finds that humans built many space settlements already. Even if the Sun is destroyed many people would survive. Also, there is huge improvement in Lightspeed ships. However, when lightspeed ships fly, it would create a space distortion leaving a trail behind. People believe that it will accelerate the exposition of Earth's coordinates. Also, it cannot carry large amount of people so the government bans the research on lightspeed ships. Victor, company leader, is arrested and executed leaving everything to Cheng. Soon, another God level civilisation Singer was passing through solar system and intended to use the Dimension Foil. This strike can turn a 3D system into a 2D, it's basically smashing a bug and turning it into flat. I want to add that the chapter named Bunker Era, Year 67 Orion Arm of the Milky Way is where we learn about Singer and it is probably the most impressive chapter of all. However, before Singer could act someone else used a Dark Forest Strike. "In the cosmos, no matter how fast you are, someone will be faster; no matter how slow you are, someone will be slower." Before the strike Cheng gets on a lightspeed ship that was hidden and escapes the solar system. Cheng and Ai AA escape to the star Yun gave her. There, they find Guan Yifan, a crew member of Gravity. Guan Yifan and Cheng leave to explore a nearby alien signal and AA tells that Yuan came to the planet. Before they could return, their ship is break down and they had to wait 16 days in hibernation. Because of the time dilation, 18 million years have already passed and both AA and Yun are already dead. They find a message from them carved into a bedrock, instructing them to enter a pocket universe. They want to wait for the destruction of the universe inside. However, a message by an unknown civilisation reveals that large amount of pocket universed have reduced the mass of the universe too much. If the mass is not returned to normal, there will be a big rip, no destruction and there will be no life in the kosmos. To save the main Universe from this fate, Cheng Xin and Guan Yifan return all the mass in the pocket universe to the main universe, and leave the pocket universe in a spaceship to explore. They leave behind only a small self-contained habitat for some small fish, and a computer drive with the contained knowledge of Trisolaris and humanity, to serve as a "message in a bottle" to future explorers after the Universe has finally been reborn. (hide spoiler)]

    “If we lose our human nature, we lose much, but if we lose our bestial nature, we lose everything.”

    The End...
    Thanks for joining me in this ride.
  • COMPOSITION AGREEMENTS (KONKORDATO)

    If a debtor becomes insolvent, in order to avoid or escape bankruptcy, she may resort to composition agreements. Even if the debtor is not eligible for bankruptcy, she may resort to composition agreement. Composition agreements are debt restructuring agreements between the debtor and her creditors. However in order for these agreements to bear legal consequences, they must be approved by the court.
    Composition agreements may involve either extension of time or rebate from the debts, or both. There are three types of composition agreements:
    (1) Simple composition agreement
    (2) Composition in bankruptcy
    (3) Composition by way of abandonment

    Simple composition starts with the proposal and request of the debtor from the compulsory enforcement court. Upon examination, if the court determines the potential success of the proposal, it grants the debtor three-month time (may be extended for two more months) in which she is protected from any enforcement proceeding. The court also appoints a composition commissioner with varying duties and powers.

    Composition may also be agreed upon during bankruptcy. In such case, no protective time is needed; the duties of the commissioner are carried out by the board of trustees and the creditors immediately vote for the proposal. Should the agreement is agreed upon, the commercial court examines it. If the court approves the agreement, the bankruptcy state must also be removed by the court.

    Third type of composition, composition by way of abandonment is a relatively new and under-utilized procedure. In this procedure, if the agreement is reached and the court approves the composition, the debtor surrenders her power to dispose on her attachable assets to the creditors and creditors liquidate the assets of the debtor as they see fit. The major difference between this procedure and bankruptcy liquidation, unlike the latter, the debtor comes out free of her debts at the end of composition procedure.
  • There are five main sub branches of civil law. These are:

    1.Law of persons: Law of persons is the field of law that deals with the concept of person, types of persons, real persons, legal persons, beginning of personality and end of personality, concept of personality, protection of personality, capacity, types of capacity, different categories according to their capacity to act, domicile, kinship, associations (societies) and foundations.

    2.Family law: Family law’s main concern is the family, therefore, engagement, marriage, divorce, parental authority are the most important topics. Also guardianship and adaption are other important areas.

    3.Law of succession: Law of succession is a field of law in which every real person shall be a part of in some time in their life, the latest when they die. Since all real persons shall die, this field is related to all of us. Legal heirs, reserved portion (statutory entitlement), testamentary disposition, deprivation of statutory entitlement, legacy, contract of succession, abatement and commencement of succession are some of the subjects.

    4.Law of property: Law of property’s main subject is the real rights. Real rights are the rights built on a property that give their owner the right to assert against all persons this right. Ownership, hypothec, usufruct are some examples of the real rights. Real rights enjoy the principle of publicity. The tools of publicity are possession for moveable property and land registry for immoveable property. Therefore, the concept of law of property covers possession, land registry and real rights.

    5.Law of obligations: Law of obligations is the field of law that mainly deals with obligations. Obligation is a legal bond that ties two persons in such a way that one of them, the creditor, is entitled to demand from the other, the debtor, a certain performance. There are three main sources of obligations in Turkish legal system; contracts, torts and unjust enrichment. In the general part, law of obligations deals with these sources, formation of an obligation, performance, non-performance and some modalities related with an obligation such as penalty clause, condition, joint liability and discharge of obligations. In the special part, specific types of contracts are the main focus point, like sales contract, surety ship contract, rental contract and construction contract.

    Civil Code governs the first four sub branches and the Code of Obligations governs the last sub branch.
  • Discharge of an obligation means that this obligation has come to an end. The normal way o discharge an obligation is performance. Apart from performance, there are some other ways to discharge an obligation regulated in the Code of Obligations.

    1.Discharge (extinction) by Agreement: The parties to a contract may agree to discharge an obligation. No particular form is required for the discharge of an obligation by agreement even if the obligation itself could not be assumed without satisfying a certain form requirement.

    2.Novation: It constitutes a new obligation in the place of an old one. The pre-existing obligation is discharged and a new obligation is created. The parties should conclude an agreement and in this agreement the intention of novation should be clearly stated.

    3.Merger: The obligation is deemed to be discharged by merger where the capacities of creditor and debtor are united. In other words, the creditor and the debtor become identical.

    4.Impossibility: Impossibility means it is no longer possible to perform the obligation. An obligation is deemed to be discharged where its performance is made impossible by circumstances not attributed to the debtor, in other words the debtor should not be faulty in the obligation’s becoming impossible. If the debtor has fault, then the obligation is nor discharged but turned to a compensation payment.

    5.Set-off: Where two persons owe each other sums of money or performance of identical obligations, and provided that both claims have fallen due, each party may set-off his/her debt against his/her claim. A set-off takes place only if the debtor notifies the creditor of his/her intention to exercise his/her right of set-off.
  • Trying to unite ideas of retribution with ideas of prevention in different variants, absolute and relative theories of punishment have led to so-called unified theories of punishment. According to the unification, society shall threaten to punish and the penalty shall be pronounced and executed with the aim of protecting society against further offenses but all this shall be done in a way adequate to the wrongdoers’ guilt.
  • Then one of my colleagues asked me a question, and when I turned to answers him, something rather strange took place. I looked at him, at his fair hair and light eyes and, most of all, his obvious immersion in the minutiae of our work, and thought, you are so foreign. I felt in that moment much closer to the Filipino driver than to him. I felt I was play-acting when in reality I ought to be making my way home, like the people on the street outside.
  • While we don’t have to go back to the level of biology or chemistry to explain social phenomena, this does not mean the former have no effect on society. Nor does it mean we can ignore the way in which we react back on other strata. (...) The interaction of the social with the physical needs to be acknowledged.