• 608 syf.
    ·1 günde·9/10
    4.5/5 Stars.

    Like every beautiful thing in life, this series also has an end. Even though I really enjoyed this book compared to other Sci-Fi novels, this is my least favourite in the Trilogy. There are many, I mean MANY creative and impressive ideas and theories in the book. However, I feel like they are somehow rushed and not completed in a sense. Also, compared to Ye Wenjie and especially Luo Ji, Cheng Zi (our protagonist in this book) is not very appealing character. Don't get me wrong, I really enjoyed this book I am only comparing them to the previous ones.

    Previously on Remembrance of Earth's Past...Luo Ji managed to fool Trisolarians and he now holds the switch to fate of both civilisations. In Deterrence Era, humanity advances its technology while monitoring Trisolarians constantly. Even though they have the switch, losing it would mean Earth's doom. Like my other reviews of the Trilogy, I will give you an extensive summary of the novel. You can read this before to understand the novel better if you don't care about what happens and want to learn every bit of detail yourself while having some general knowledge. You can also come back and read this review to understand the plot better. Without further ado, let's get started shall we?

    Even though humanity has the upper hand now, they continue to monitor Trisolarians. In the committee, Cheng Zhi suggests the Stair Project. She believes that they can send a human to Trisolarian fleet to destroy it from within. Because of the capacity of the rocket, it can only carry a human brain. Cheng recommends Yun, her former classmate. Yun, at the time, had cancer and about to die accepts it as he also had a crush on Cheng. Before the operation, Yun gives Cheng a literal star as a gift. Luo Ji becomes the Swordholder as he holds the fate of both Earth and Trisolaris. People started to view Luo Ji as a dictator instead of a God. The UN decides to change the Swordholder and after some drama Cheng becomes the new Swordholder. Minutes after Cheng got the switch, Trisolaris Droplet launches an attack. Cheng cannot decide if she should hit the button or not. She panics and throws the button away. (Good job Cheng you just doomed humanity) Trisolaris ships destroy the button and eliminating every kind of hope humanity have. Trisolaris in now coming to take over this world and they relocate all humans to Australia. (We really don't know why Australia) When humanity was about to become slaves, one human spaceship, Gravity, reveals itself. The ship is equipped with a strong radio that can act as the button. It broadcasts the exact location of Trisolarians to the Universe as a revenge. Humanity monitor Trisolarian Planet getting destroyed by a higher civilisation. Just like smashing a bug Trisolarian planet was destroyed in a matter of seconds. (That's what you get for calling humanity bugs) Only few starships manage to escape the attack but since they communicated with Earth, humanity is still in danger. Trisolarian Sophon robot tells Cheng that Yun did not die and wants to see her. Yun was captured by their fleet and managed to delve deep into their society. Cheng and Yun's conversation is monitored by Trisolarians so one wrong word means Cheng's death and Earth's end. After chatting for a while, Yun tells Cheng 3 fairy tales. Those 3 fairy tales are indeed humanity's salvation. Humans decrypts the meaning of each story and try to devise a plan.

    1- The Bunker Project
    By building settlements at the back of Saturn and Jupiter humanity could survive the attack.

    2- The Lightspeed Ship Project
    By studying atomic propeller technology, humanity could try to build lightspeed ships in order to escape our solar system.

    3- The Dark Void Project
    By lowering the solar system's light speed, light would not exposed from our solar system. Solar System becomes something like a black hole so it shows no threat to other civilisations.

    After a long discussion, humanity decide to execute all 3 of them. Cheng helps with building Lightspeed ships. Cheng becomes the company's head on one condition: if research threatens human lives she has to stop and confiscate company's power. Cheng goes into hibernation for 30+ years and finds that humans built many space settlements already. Even if the Sun is destroyed many people would survive. Also, there is huge improvement in Lightspeed ships. However, when lightspeed ships fly, it would create a space distortion leaving a trail behind. People believe that it will accelerate the exposition of Earth's coordinates. Also, it cannot carry large amount of people so the government bans the research on lightspeed ships. Victor, company leader, is arrested and executed leaving everything to Cheng. Soon, another God level civilisation Singer was passing through solar system and intended to use the Dimension Foil. This strike can turn a 3D system into a 2D, it's basically smashing a bug and turning it into flat. I want to add that the chapter named Bunker Era, Year 67 Orion Arm of the Milky Way is where we learn about Singer and it is probably the most impressive chapter of all. However, before Singer could act someone else used a Dark Forest Strike. "In the cosmos, no matter how fast you are, someone will be faster; no matter how slow you are, someone will be slower." Before the strike Cheng gets on a lightspeed ship that was hidden and escapes the solar system. Cheng and Ai AA escape to the star Yun gave her. There, they find Guan Yifan, a crew member of Gravity. Guan Yifan and Cheng leave to explore a nearby alien signal and AA tells that Yuan came to the planet. Before they could return, their ship is break down and they had to wait 16 days in hibernation. Because of the time dilation, 18 million years have already passed and both AA and Yun are already dead. They find a message from them carved into a bedrock, instructing them to enter a pocket universe. They want to wait for the destruction of the universe inside. However, a message by an unknown civilisation reveals that large amount of pocket universed have reduced the mass of the universe too much. If the mass is not returned to normal, there will be a big rip, no destruction and there will be no life in the kosmos. To save the main Universe from this fate, Cheng Xin and Guan Yifan return all the mass in the pocket universe to the main universe, and leave the pocket universe in a spaceship to explore. They leave behind only a small self-contained habitat for some small fish, and a computer drive with the contained knowledge of Trisolaris and humanity, to serve as a "message in a bottle" to future explorers after the Universe has finally been reborn. (hide spoiler)]

    “If we lose our human nature, we lose much, but if we lose our bestial nature, we lose everything.”

    The End...
    Thanks for joining me in this ride.
  • Marketing Research Process

    Step 1: Problem Definition

    Each marketing research study requires a clear definition of the marketing problem encountered. Problem definition involves expressing the general problem and identifying the specific components of the marketing research problem. While defining the problem of marketing research, which is a very challenging process, it is crucial (1) to provide the researcher information he/she needs to understand the situation accurately, and (2) to guide the researcher during the research study. This approach acknowledges the need for open and continuous communication between decision makers and researchers in defining the marketing research problem.

    Step 2: Developing a Research Approach

    Once the decision-maker and the marketing researcher clarify the research problem, it is time to determine the correct approach to the research problem. This step frequently involves developing a theoretical framework, analytical models, research questions and hypothesis. Accordingly, this step begins with the selection, adaptation and development of a suitable theoretical framework that would support a research design. Throughout this step depending on the theoretical framework, the researcher decides on the relevant variables or factors to be measured or investigated; and then summarizes them in an analytical model depicting the interrelations between the variables or factors; and finally, develops research questions or hypothesis that would be examined or explored.

    Step 3: Developing a Research Design

    Research design is a detailed guideline depicting necessary tasks to be accomplished for acquiring the relevant information. A research design typically consists of the following tasks:

    - Defining the information needed
    - Identifying whether the overall design is to be exploratory, descriptive or causal
    - Devising the techniques for investigation or measurement
    - Organizing an appropriate form or questionnaire for data collection
    - Determining the sampling process and sample size
    - Elaborating the steps of qualitative or quantitative data analysis

    Each research design may be broadly classified under two research methods, namely exploratory and conclusive research.

    1) Exploratory research is a type of initial research that provides information to understand the scope of the current marketing problem. (...) helps apprehending marketing cases that are essentially difficult to measure, or cannot be measured in a quantitative manner, allows the marketers to identify the current marketing research problem more clearly; helps to define the major factors related to the problem and the relationships between them; develop hypotheses; and to specify actions to take.

    2) Conclusive research is conducted to describe specific marketing facts, to test pre-specified hypotheses and to examine specific relationships. (...) is more formal and structured, based on large, representative samples, and the data obtained are typically analyzed with quantitative techniques. Conclusive research designs may be either descriptive or causal:

    a) Descriptive research:
    •Describing the characteristics of groups such as consumers, customers, sales representatives;
    •Estimating the proportion of units that exhibit certain types of behavior within a specific group
    •Demonstrating the relationship between marketing variables.
    Descriptive research is structured and formal; therefore, it is conducted for testing certain hypotheses according to a pre-defined objective, in contrast to exploratory research.

    b) Causal research. Causal research investigates cause-and-effect relationships:
    •Determining which variables are the cause and which variables are the effect or result;
    •Defining the nature of causal relationship;
    •Predicting the possible consequences.
    As a result, similar to exploratory research, causal research is structured and formal. While descriptive research allows verifying the degree of relationship between variables, it would not provide information on the nature of causal relationships. On the other hand, causal researches examine the nature of these relationships, and are frequently designed as experiments performed in the most controlled environments.

    There are three basic principles that should be taken into account, when deciding the research design. First of all, the research design should be selected according to the marketing research problem at hand. Each research design serves specific purposes and it is not possible to use a single approach for all marketing problems. The second important principle is that the determined research design should be employed to provide accurate and required information. The third point is that each of the aforementioned basic research designs can be considered as a process of successive steps. These basic research designs could be used successively starting from exploratory research to obtain the required information.

    Step 4: Data Collection or Fieldwork

    This step of the process is about collecting the necessary data to obtain the required information; therefore, it involves a number of phases.

    The first phase covers deciding which kind of data is required to provide a solution to the marketing research problem. Key primary data collection techniques are summarized below:

    1- Interviews: Personal interviews and Focus group interviews.

    In personal interviews, a respondent and an interviewer converse face to face according to the outline prepared in line with the research objectives. Respondents are first contacted, and personal details are learnt, and then interested respondents are invited to attend to a central location at a specified time to participate in the research. Customarily, researchers offer the participants an incentive for compensating their participation. The interviewer should proceed in a neutral way to avoid exerting bias on the responses.

    The second type, focus group interviews, on the other hand, involves six to twelve participants who are guided by a moderator in a comprehensive discussion about the research topic or issue. The participants in the group have some common characteristics that are related to the research topic discussed during the interview. (...) the moderator should have the skill to get people talking about a topic in detail and in their own words without manipulation. The moderator also helps discovering the emotional involvement participants hold about the research topic. The moderator should keep the discussion alive and guide it towards a conclusion on which all participants agree upon. The moderator should move the group away from irrelevant discussion, and yet leave the group free to express significant new ideas. (Exploratory)

    2- Observation: In observational studies, primary data is collected through observation of people, actions and situations associated with the marketing problem. In the cases that require observation for a long period of time, or in cases that the relevant behavior is not frequently exhibited, the researchers try to collect data through ethnographic research. In ethnographic research, for collecting data trained observers are sent to observe and interact with the consumers or groups of interest in their “natural environment”.

    3- Surveys: Survey research, the most widely used approach for primary data collection in marketing research, is the most appropriate method for gathering descriptive information. Sometimes people are unable to answer survey questions because they cannot remember or notice why they perform such
    a behavior. People may be unwilling to reply to unfamiliar interviewers or to talk about things they consider private. Sometimes, busy people may not take the time for answering questions. In surveys data can be collected by filling in the data collection tool or the questionnaire by contacting the participants via mail, telephone, face-to-face or online.

    Respondents may give more honest answers to more personal questions on a mail questionnaire compared to an unknown interviewer or over the phone. Also, no interviewer bias would occur in the data collected.

    Telephone interviewing provides greater flexibility compared to mail questionnaires. Interviewers can clarify complicated questions and sometimes elucidate by probing, and the response rates tend to be higher than mail questionnaires as well.

    In face-to-face interviewing trained interviewers can show participants actual products, advertisements, or packages. However, individual personal interviews may cost three to four times as much as telephone interviews.

    Online questionnaires are high paced and low cost. (Fastest)

    4- Experiments: Experiments are mostly performed in order to determine causality or causal relations. In experimental studies generally identical groups of participants are selected, where one relevant factor is varied and other factors are remain constant. Researchers observe the changes or responses to different factors that are measured or varied.

    5- Sampling: Probability sampling, where each unit of the population is given a probability to be selected to the sample, and the confidence limits of sampling error can be calculated; but these procedures are costly. On the other hand, non-probability sampling procedures are cost and time effective, but do not give each unit of the population to be selected to the sample.

    Step 5: Preparing and Analyzing the Data

    This step of data preparation includes the editing, coding, transcription, verification, and analysis of data. The process of data preparation and analysis is essentially the same for both secondary and primary data.

    If the data to be collected are qualitative, the analysis step simultaneously takes place as the data are being collected, well before all observations or interviews completed. An integral part of qualitative data preparation and analysis requires researchers to reflect upon their own learning and the ways they interpret what they observe or talk.

    If the data to be analyzed are quantitative, each questionnaire or observation form is checked or edited. The data from the questionnaires are recorded to data analysis software. At this point, verification confirms that the data from the original questionnaires have been accurately transcribed, whereas data analysis gives meaning to the data that have been collected. Univariate techniques are used for analyzing data when there is a single measurement of each element or unit in the sample. On the other hand, multivariate techniques are used for analyzing data when there are two or more measurements of each element and the variables are analyzed simultaneously.

    Step 6: Preparing the Research Report and Presentation

    The entire marketing research study should be documented in a written report that addresses the research problem and objectives, and the research questions specified; describe the research approach and design, data collection and data analysis procedures employed; and present the major findings. In addition, an oral presentation should be prepared for marketing management using tables, figures and graphs to enhance clarity and impact.
  • “ either peace or happiness,
    let it enfold you

    when I was a young man
    I felt these things were
    dumb, unsophisticated.
    I had bad blood, a twisted
    mind, a precarious

    I was hard as granite, I
    leered at the
    I trusted no man and
    especially no

    I was living a hell in
    small rooms, I broke
    things, smashed things,
    walked through glass,
    I challenged everything,
    was continually being
    evicted, jailed,in and
    out of fights, in and out
    of my mind.
    women were something
    to screw and rail
    at, I had no male

    I changed jobs and
    cities, I hated holidays,
    babies, history,
    newspapers, museums,
    marriage, movies,
    spiders, garbagemen,
    english accents, spain,
    france, italy, walnuts and
    the color
    algebra angered me,
    opera sickened me,
    charlie chaplin was a
    and flowers were for

    peace an happiness to me
    were signs of
    tenants of the weak

    but as I went on with
    my alley fights,
    my suicidal years,
    my passage through
    any number of
    women-it gradually
    began to occur to
    that I wasn't different

    from the
    others, I was the same,

    they were all fulsome
    with hatred,
    glossed over with petty
    the men I fought in
    alleys had hearts of stone.
    everybody was nudging,
    inching, cheating for
    some insignificant
    the lie was the
    weapon and the
    plot was
    darkness was the

    cautiously, I allowed
    myself to feel good
    at times.
    I found moments of
    peace in cheap
    just staring at the
    knobs of some
    or listening to the
    rain in the
    the less I needed
    the better I

    maybe the other life had worn me
    I no longer found
    in topping somebody
    in conversation.
    or in mounting the
    body of some poor
    drunken female
    whose life had
    slipped away into

    I could never accept
    life as it was,
    i could never gobble
    down all its
    but there were parts,
    tenuous magic parts
    open for the

    I re formulated
    I don't know when,
    date, time, all
    but the change
    something in me
    relaxed, smoothed
    i no longer had to
    prove that I was a

    I didn't have to prove

    I began to see things:
    coffee cups lined up
    behind a counter in a
    or a dog walking along
    a sidewalk.
    or the way the mouse
    on my dresser top
    stopped there
    with its body,
    its ears,
    its nose,
    it was fixed,
    a bit of life
    caught within itself
    and its eyes looked
    at me
    and they were
    then- it was

    I began to feel good,
    I began to feel good
    in the worst situations
    and there were plenty
    of those.
    like say, the boss
    behind his desk,
    he is going to have
    to fire me.

    I've missed too many
    he is dressed in a
    suit, necktie, glasses,
    he says, "I am going
    to have to let you go"

    "it's all right" I tell

    He must do what he
    must do, he has a
    wife, a house, children.
    expenses, most probably
    a girlfriend.

    I am sorry for him
    he is caught.

    I walk onto the blazing
    the whole day is

    (the whole world is at the
    throat of the world,
    everybody feels angry,
    short-changed, cheated,
    everybody is despondent,

    I welcomed shots of
    peace, tattered shards of

    I embraced that stuff
    like the hottest number,
    like high heels, breasts,

    (don't get me wrong,
    there is such a thing as cockeyed optimism
    that overlooks all
    basic problems just for
    the sake of
    this is a shield and a

    The knife got near my
    throat again,
    I almost turned on the
    but when the good
    moments arrived
    I didn't fight them off
    like an alley
    I let them take me,
    i luxuriated in them,
    I bade them welcome
    I even looked into
    the mirror
    once having thought
    myself to be
    I now liked what
    I saw,almost
    handsome, yes,
    a bit ripped and
    scares, lumps,
    odd turns,
    but all in all,
    not too bad,
    almost handsome,
    better at least than
    some of those movie
    star faces
    like the cheeks of
    a baby's

    and finally I discovered
    real feelings of
    like lately,
    like this morning,
    as I was leaving,
    for the track,
    i saw my wife in bed,
    just the
    shape of
    her head there
    (not forgetting
    centuries of the living
    and the dead and
    the dying,
    the pyramids,
    Mozart dead
    but his music still
    there in the
    room, weeds growing,
    the earth turning,
    the toteboard waiting for
    I saw the shape of my
    wife's head,
    she so still,
    I ached for her life,
    just being there
    under the

    I kissed her in the,
    got down the stairway,
    got outside,
    got into my marvelous
    fixed the seatbelt,
    backed out the
    feeling warm to
    the fingertips,
    down to my
    foot on the gas
    I entered the world
    drove down the
    past the houses
    full and empty
    I saw the mailman,
    he waved
    at me.”
  • Imitation is a factor of social training. In normal “society,” the phe-
    nomenon is limited by the multiplicity of choices and models suggested. In the CC (Coersive Cult), choice no longer exists and only one model is offered. Imitation of the other, or of the guru, takes on a character of ineluctability that blends into the process of indoctrination.

    Bandura described two phases in the process of imitation: a phase of observation and a phase of performance. Jointly, four sub-processes come into play during imitation. Attention, or sensory recording of the behaviors to be acquired; retention, which results in a mnemonic representation of the elements to be reproduced; physical replication, which has to do with repeating and integrating the behaviors to be acquired; and finally motivation, which influences the three preceding sub-processes.

    One can easily see that all the sub-processes are reinforced in the cult. The process of attention is covered by the selection or absence of information. The intensity of cult life is like “being hit over the head,” saturating the follower’s perceptive and sensory system. The processes of retention and motor replication are constantly stimulated by rituals — repeating “holy” words, memorizing texts, reciting prayers — which lead to automatic behavior and thought. Motivation is supported and strengthened by the obligation to produce results.
  • Elrond ile Galadriel yollarına devam ettiler; çünkü Üçüncü Çağ bitmiş, Yüzük'ün Günleri geçmişti; o zamanların öyküleri ve şarkıları sona ermişti...
  • One, one, one…

    Talkin’ in my sleep at night
    Makin’ myself crazy
    (Out of my mind, out of my mind)
    Wrote it down and read it out
    Hopin’ it would save me
    (Too many times, too many times)
    Oh, he makes me feel like nobody else
    Nobody else
    But my love, he doesn’t love me
    So I tell myself, I tell myself

    One, don’t pick up the phone
    You know he’s only calling ’cause he’s drunk and alone
    Two, don’t let him in
    You have to kick him out again
    Three, don’t be his friend
    You know you’re gonna wake up in his bed in the morning
    And if you’re under him, you ain’t getting over him

    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I gotta tell them to myself
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I gotta tell them to myself

    I keep pushin’ forwards
    But he keeps pullin’ me backwards
    (Nowhere to turn, no way)
    (Nowhere to turn, no)
    Now I’m standing back from it
    I finally see the pattern
    (I never learn, I never learn)
    But my love, he never loves me
    So I tell myself, I tell myself
    I do, I do, I do

    One, don’t pick up the phone
    You know he’s only calling ’cause he’s drunk and alone
    Two, don’t let him in
    You have to kick him out again
    Three, don’t be his friend
    You know you’re gonna wake up in his bed in the morning
    And if you’re under him, you ain’t getting over him

    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I gotta tell them to myself
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I gotta tell them to myself

    Practice makes perfect
    I’m still tryna’ learn it by heart
    (I got new rules, I count ’em)
    Eat, sleep, and breathe it
    Rehearse and repeat it ’cause I
    (I got new, I got new, I got new…)

    One, don’t pick up the phone
    You know he’s only calling ’cause he’s drunk and alone
    Two, don’t let him in
    You have to kick him out again
    Three, don’t be his friend
    You know you’re gonna wake up in his bed in the morning
    And if you’re under him, you ain’t getting over him

    I got new rules, I count ’em
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    (Oh, whoa-oh)
    I gotta tell them to myself
    I got new rules, I count ’em
    (Baby, you know I count ’em)
    I gotta tell them to myself

    Don’t let him in, don’t let him in
    Don’t, don’t, don’t, don’t
    Don’t be his friend, don’t be his friend
    Don’t, don’t, don’t, don’t
    Don’t let him in, don’t let him in
    Don’t, don’t, don’t, don’t
    Don’t be his friend, don’t be his friend
    Don’t, don’t, don’t, don’t
    You gettin’ over him

    Yeni Kurallar

    Bir, bir, bir…

    Gece uykumda konuşuyorum
    Kendimi delirtiyorum
    (aklımı kaçırıyorum, aklımı kaçırıyorum)
    Yaz bunu ve sesli oku
    Umuyorum ki bu beni kurtaracak
    (Bir çok kez, bir çok kez)
    Oh, O beni hiçbir şeymişim gibi hissettiriyor
    Hiç kimseymişim gibi
    Ama benim aşkım, O beni sevmiyor
    Öyleyse kendime söylüyorum, kendime söylüyorum

    Bir, telefona cevap verme
    Biliyorsun ki O sadece seni sarhoş ve yalnız olduğundan dolayı arıyor
    İki, içeri girmesine izin verme
    Onu tekrar kovmak zorundasın
    Üç, Onun arkadaşı olma
    Biliyorsun ki sabah onun yatağında uyanacaksın
    Ve eğer onun altındaysan, onu atlatamayacaksın

    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım

    İlerletmeye devam ediyorum
    Ama o beni geriye çekmeye devam ediyor
    (Dönecek bir yer yok, yol yok)
    (Dönecek bir yer yok, hayır)
    Şimdi bundan geride duruyorum
    Sonunda deseni görüyorum
    (Hiç öğrenmediğim, hiç öğrenmediğim)
    Ama benim aşkım, o asla beni sevmez
    Öyleyse kendime söylüyorum, kendime söylüyorum
    Yap, yap, yap

    Bir, telefona cevap verme
    Biliyorsun ki O sadece seni sarhoş ve yalnız olduğundan dolayı arıyor
    İki, içeri girmesine izin verme
    Onu tekrar kovmak zorundasın
    Üç, Onun arkadaşı olma
    Biliyorsun ki sabah onun yatağında uyanacaksın
    Ve eğer onun altındaysan, onu atlatamayacaksın

    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım

    Pratik olgunlaştırır
    Hala kalp tarafından öğrenmeye çalışıyorum
    (Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum)
    Ye, uyu ve nefes al
    Prova yap ve tekrarla bunu çünkü ben
    (Yeni kurallarım var)

    Bir, telefona cevap verme
    Biliyorsun ki O sadece seni sarhoş ve yalnız olduğundan dolayı arıyor
    İki, içeri girmesine izin verme
    Onu tekrar kovmak zorundasın
    Üç, Onun arkadaşı olma
    Biliyorsun ki sabah onun yatağında uyanacaksın
    Ve eğer onun altındaysan, onu atlatamayacaksın

    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    (Oh, whoa-oh)
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım
    Yeni kurallarım var, onları sayıyorum
    (Bebeğim, biliyorsun ki onları sayıyorum)
    Onları kendime söylemek zorundayım

    Onun içeri girmesine izin verme
    Verme, verme, verme,
    Onun arkadaşı olma,
    Olma, olma, olma
    Onun içeri girmesine izin verme
    Verme, verme, verme,
    Onun arkadaşı olma,
    Olma, olma, olma
    Onu atlatıyorsun
  • 510 syf.
    ·7 günde·8/10
    First and foremost, the philosophies driving this story's themes are very powerful and profound. This book had me digging deep on my own outlook on things like self-purpose, the meaning of love, and the institution of religion. I don't think the author had an agenda one way or the other about faith, in particular, but the dialogue is definitely meant to provoke and question.
    The plot is divided into three interweaving stories, but the center of the storm is Hasan ibn Sabbath, the purported 'Old Man of the Mountain'. Hasan desires world domination. In order to achieve this end, he turned to a certain human condition known as religious fervor. Since religion and faith is something that one doesn't question even in today's context. (Try to convince a Muslim there isn't an Allah or a Christian there is no God, see what happens!) His methods go unquestioned.
    In brief, Hasan takes in a young, but naive, strong teenagers and indoctrinated them with his own brand of dogma, Ismaili doctrine, an off shoot of an Islamic sect that believes the Prophet Mohammad's son-in-law, Ali, is the rightful heir to the religion. After much training that is more akin to Special Forces training in the present context, these elite force were dubbed the 'fedayees'.
    After a valor display of battle glory, these fedayees were given a taste of paradise. Through subterfuge and vile machinations, Hasan managed to create a sense of martyrdom's reward in the impression of luscious gardens filled with 72 'hours'. To accentuate the experience of ecstasy, the boys were given 'hashish' or concentrated opium rolled into a pellet to swallow.
    With a combination of drug-induced hallucinations, alcoholic intoxication and the physical touch of a female, these boys are being 'poisoned' psychologically and the craving for such experience is so over-powering that they would do anything to go to 'paradise' once more.
    The reasons I love this book is because it shows with perfect realism how religious fanatics were developed and maintained , how harems were built and worked, and how higher-ups used knowledge--or rather, the lack of knowledge about life and spirituality and human existence in general, to steer the minds of young, naive men and sustain dogma, thirsty for blood and revenge, but it also kept me glued with its story telling. A lot of times it actually saddened me. The horrors and inhuman an individual can do/be. I understood the main character but cannot decide who really is worst off. No believe should demand the death of others.
    Finally, one should not it read as a historical document. It is, was, and will always be meant to be a work of fiction, and a pretty good one.