The Elements of Moral Philosophy

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Adı:
The Elements of Moral Philosophy
Baskı tarihi:
2015
Sayfa sayısı:
209
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9789814577397
Kitabın türü:
Dil:
İngilizce
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
McGraw-Hill Education
The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels and Stuart Rachels is a best-selling text for undergraduate courses in ethics. Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and compelling discussions.
Kitaba henüz inceleme eklenmedi.
When we feel strongly about an issue, it is tempting to assume that we simply know what the truth is, without even having to consider the arguments. Unfortunately, however, we cannot rely on our feelings, no matter how powerful they may be. Our feelings may be irrational; they may be the products of prejudice, selfishness, or cultural conditioning.
if someone says that something is morally wrong, he does need reasons, and if his reasons are legitimate, then other people should accept their force. By the same logic, if he has no good reason for what he says, then he is simply making noise and may be ignored.
...the purpose of our genitals is to procreate: Sex is for making babies. It may be argued, then, that gay sex is unnatural because it is sexual activity that is divorced from its natural purpose.
This seems to express what many people have in mind when they say that homosexuality is unnatural. However, if gay sex were condemned for this reason, then a number of other, widely accepted practices would also have to be condemned: masturbation, oral sex, sex using condoms, and even sex by women during pregnancy or after menopause. These practices would be just as “unnatural” (and, presumably, just as bad) as gay sex. But there is no reason to accept any of these conclusions, because this whole way of reasoning is faulty. It rests on the assumption that it is wrong to use parts of one’s body for anything other than their natural purposes. Why should we accept that assumption? The “purpose” of the eyes is to see; is it therefore wrong to use one’s eyes to flirt or to give a signal?
Being alive is a benefit only if you can carry on activities and have thoughts, feelings, and relations with other people -- in other words, if you have a life. Without such things, biological existence has no value.
If you are opposed to something but have no good arguments against it, you can always make up a prediction about what it might lead to; and no matter how implausible your prediction is, no one can prove you wrong.
For if anyone, no matter who, were given the opportunity of choosing from amongst all the nations of the world, the set of beliefs which he thought best, he would inevitably, after consideration of their relative merits, choose that of his own country. Everyone without exception believes his own native customs, and the religion he was brought up in, to be the best.

Kitabın basım bilgileri

Adı:
The Elements of Moral Philosophy
Baskı tarihi:
2015
Sayfa sayısı:
209
Format:
Karton kapak
ISBN:
9789814577397
Kitabın türü:
Dil:
İngilizce
Ülke:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Yayınevi:
McGraw-Hill Education
The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels and Stuart Rachels is a best-selling text for undergraduate courses in ethics. Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and compelling discussions.

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